i. A systematic review is a research study that collects and looks at multiple studies. Researchers use methods that are determined before they begin to frame one or more questions, then they find and analyse the studies that relate to that question.
Meta-analysis is a statistical technique for combining the results of independent, but similar, studies to obtain an overall estimate of treatment effect. While all meta-analyses are based on systematic review of literature, not all systematic reviews necessarily include meta-analysis.
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies. Training has specific goals of improving one’s capability, capacity, productivity and performance. It forms the core of apprenticeships and provides the backbone of content at institutes of technology.
Thematic area & Resources
To support evidence-informed public health policy making in Bangladesh, leading to progress towards Universal Health Coverage(UHC) and improved health equity, practically for urban poor and those suffering from non-communicable diseases(NCDs). For that establish a systematic review center and make it sustainable to undertake systematic reviews and meta-analysis. The partnership of Research Policy Communication Cell – RPCC, Systematic Review Center- SRC and Evidence Based Research Group – EBRG will act as a platform for dissemination of evidence and use of evidence by policy makers, for interaction between researchers and policy makers or programme managers to enhance research priority setting, policy advocacy and implementation of evidence into programmes. Project will enhance policy makers and programme managers with research evidence using conventional and newer media channel of engagement.
Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. Non- communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 38 million people each year. Almost three quarters of NCD deaths - 28 million - occur in low- and middle-income countries. Sixteen million NCD deaths occur before the age of 70; 82% of these "premature" deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries. Tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets all increase the risk of dying from an NCD. *** Ref WHO
Cities such as Dhaka concentrate multiple health hazards associated with urbanization such as pollution, natural disasters, road traffic injuries, contaminated water supply, crowding and poor housing. The unchecked pace of growth has overwhelmed government’s capacity to regulate, plan or provide basic health and health-related services, especially to the poorest. Within cities like Dhaka where the pace of urbanization is particularly rapid, huge and growing socioeconomic disparities in health care access and outcomes are apparent.